In the first week of the UST-SEA Teacher Batch 8 program, my friends and I were given the chance to observe several classes. My fellow student teachers (Aulia and Chrisna) and I who were guided under the same mentor Ma'am Bella were also discussing the teaching plan, the education system and also the curriculum of the school afterward. The curriculum used in the teaching plan at the University of Santo Tomas Education High School (UST EHS) is K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum. 

   The K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum is a new curriculum in the Philippines. It is being implemented in 2015. For me, when I saw the Curriculum Guide, this curriculum is detailed, neat, and contextual. The curriculum answers today's 21st century needs of human resources. For my subject, English, this K-12 curriculum is also called Language Arts and Multiliteracies Curriculum. It is anchored on the language acquisition, learning, teaching and assessing principles.

      I also really fascinated by this curriculum philosophy and rationale which are:

Language is the basis of all communication and the primary instrument of thought. Thinking, learning, and language are interrelated. Language is governed by rules and systems (language conventions) which are used to explore and communicate meaning. It defines culture which is essential in understanding oneself (personal identity), forming interpersonal relationships (socialization), extending experiences, reflecting on thought and action, and contributing to a better society. Language, therefore, is central to the peoples’ intellectual, social and emotional development and has an essential role in all key learning areas.

Language is the foundation of all human relationships. All human relationships are established on the ability of people to communicate effectively with each other. Our thoughts, values and understandings are developed and expressed through language. This process allows students to understand better the world in which they live and contributes to the development of their personal perspectives of the global community. People use language to make sense of and bring order to their world. Therefore, proficiency in the language enables people to access, process and keep abreast of information,to engage with the wider and more diverse communities, and to learn about the role of language in their own lives, and in their own and other cultures.

     I really admire that in the Philippines, English is the language of the instruction. When students study English, they are using English. Not only in English subject, but also in other subjects. It makes learning the language becomes more effective and interesting. As I experienced myself, all the students speak and understand English very well.

    The curriculum also has 4 standard items which are program standard, grade-level standard, content standard, and performance standard. It's all understandable and straightforward. The curriculum also covers many aspects that students need to learn. There are 8 aspects which are reading comprehension, listening comprehension, viewing comprehension, vocabulary development, literature, writing and composition, oral language and fluency, and grammar awareness. The idea of putting literature in the curriculum is really excellent. It truly enriches students' knowledge.

   The time of teaching-learning is also divided into four quarters for a year. There are 2 quarters each semester. In each quarter, there are 10 weeks for teaching-learning. It is also great that the school days are only from Monday to Friday. The school hours also start from 7am to 4pm. In Indonesia, it still needs to change because most of the schools still start from Monday to Saturday. I believe that having enough rest is very important so the students can learn more effectively in a perfect and healthy condition.

      Here are some snippets of the curriculum. 

   To see more on the teaching plan, you can open these following links:

   If you want a copy of the curriculum, you can email me at, or you also can visit the Departement of Education of the Philippines website. 

1.1 Curriculum